Everything You Need To Know About Fertility Awareness Method

by Aug 26, 2019

Women have a 15 to 25 percent chance of getting pregnant each month. Many women use fertility awareness methods as a form of contraception. These methods estimate fertile days and may reduce the chances of unwanted pregnancy.


These natural methods can be helpful when used correctly. To help avoid conception, you should be very well-informed about fertility awareness methods. Read on to learn everything you need to know about FAMs and how to follow each method.


What Is Fertility Awareness Method?

Fertility awareness methods (FAMs) are a type of natural family planning. You use them to watch for common fertility signs. Over time, you note patterns and can learn about your ovulation cycle.

FAMs are used to track menstrual cycles and prevent pregnancy during unprotected sex. For example, couples use FAM as a method of birth control instead of barrier methods or oral contraceptives. Women avoid sex on the days they may be fertile. 

There are a few types of natural ovulation prediction. You can use as many as you’d like to avoid conception. You may also use FAMs if or when you begin trying to conceive. 


The Three Types Of Fertility Awareness Methods 

In this section, you’ll read a bit about three common fertility awareness-based methods to avoid pregnancy. To learn in-depth details about each one, visit the Mira blog posts included below. 


Method One: Basal Body Temperature Method

Basal body temperature (BBT) is your body’s temperature when you’re completely rested. Women have a small increase in BBT after ovulation. This happens when your body’s progesterone levels rise.

Peak fertility days are typically two to three days before BBT increases. The basal body temperature method uses the following steps:

  • Take your basal body temperature at the same time each day.
  • Record your BBT using a charting app or graph paper. 
  • Perform the process daily for several cycles. 
  • Note patterns and have intercourse during your estimated fertile days.

This method is nearly 100 years old, and it’s still popular. When you accurately use the BBT method, you may find it helpful for estimating ovulation. 

Learn More – Basal Body Temperature: How Does It Estimate My Ovulation? 


Method Two: Cervical Mucus Method

The cervical mucus method or the Billings ovulation method is used to monitor changes in cervical mucus. You note these changes for several cycles. This may help you detect high fertility days.

Cervical mucus changes during ovulation when your body’s estrogen level rises. Mucus changes and protects sperm to help with conception. There are a few signs that indicate ovulation:

  • Mucus thickens in consistency and feels similar to egg whites.
  • Mucus increases, and you may notice more discharge.
  • Mucus is clear or transparent instead of cloudy. 

Note changes using a chart like the one above. To check your mucus daily, you may:

  • Use a panty liner or toilet paper to collect mucus.
  • Check manually using one or two fingers.
  • Use the same method of collection every time. 
  • Make notes about color, consistency, and amount.

It takes practice and patience to use the cervical mucus method. To make it as reliable as possible, be consistent about observing and recording. 

Learn More – Cervical Mucus Changes During Ovulation


Method Three: Calendar / Calculator Method 

The calendar method or calculator method is a popular fertility awareness method. It’s straightforward and provides a quick estimate. There are many ovulation calculator apps with easy-to-read calendars. 

You can use this method without any tools. It follows a basic formula to estimate the best time for conception. The formula is based on your period start date and cycle length. The calculation shows an estimated date of ovulation and fertile days. 

If you use this method, use it for as long as possible. You may need to continuously track cycles using the calendar method for a year before getting a reliable estimation.

Rad More – Fertility Calculator: Identify Your Most Fertile Days


How Else Can You Predict Ovulation?

Ovulation kits (OPKs) may be used to help avoid pregnancy, too. Ovulation tests work by detecting luteinizing hormone in urine. The tests display a positive result when they detect a certain amount of LH. 

The results displayed may use symbols or words to indicate peak, high, and low fertility days. When you’re at high or peak fertility, you have the highest chance of getting pregnant. Avoid intercourse on these days. 

There are a few issues with drugstore ovulation kits. The tests only give a positive result if your LH level meets a set minimum. Fertile women don’t always produce that minimum, so false negatives and missed cycles are common.

You may consider an ovulation test kit that uses a personalized system. Mira’s ovulation tracking kit displays the exact amount of LH in your urine. It syncs with Mira’s app with additional custom features, and the kit is 99% accurate. 

Having a hard time tracking ovulation? Mira takes the guesswork out by measuring your actual fertility hormone concentrations! Sign up today for exclusive Mira content and discounts!
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Accuracy Of Fertility Awareness Methods

Combining two or more FAMs at once is called the symptothermal method. You may have better chances of spotting patterns when you use multiple methods.

 However, it’s important to understand that results aren’t guaranteed. There are some issues with fertility awareness methods. 

Health care studies and articles debate the accuracy of FAMs. Some study results and resources highlight issues with fertility awareness methods:

You don’t have to rule out fertility awareness methods for contraception, but remember that accuracy isn’t guaranteed. Consider using ovulation kits and secondary forms of birth control until you feel confident relying on FAMs.


Order Your Mira Today

Ready to easily, precisely, and automatically track your ovulation cycles? Let Mira take the guesswork out of getting pregnant, so you know exactly when to conceive.

Reserve Your Mira Today

Ready to easily, precisely, and automatically track your ovulation cycles? Let Mira take the guesswork out of getting pregnant, so you know exactly when to conceive.