From 1 to 12 Days Past Ovulation (DPO) Symptoms

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If you’re already familiar with some fertility acronyms, you could’ve guessed that we are going to talk here about TWW – Two-Week Wait – infamously difficult time for those trying to conceive. Let’s break it down.

 

1-6 DPO Symptoms

We remember that during ovulation, the mature egg is released from the ovaries. The egg then travels to the fallopian tube to meet the sperm and get fertilized

Ovulation is a crucial moment: it starts the Two-Week Wait period, also known as the Luteal Phase of Menstrual Cycle. As we know, the released egg is only viable and available for about 24 hours. So the sperm should better be there by ovulation time or within 12-24 hours. Let Mira assist you in tracking your ovulation for the most precise results.

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If the egg is successfully fertilized, it becomes an embryo. In the next 5-7 days, the embryo undergoes multiple divisions until it reaches the state called the blastocyst. That’s when it’s ready for implantation.

So, in the first week after ovulation, the embryo is developing. It has not implanted yet, and so your pregnancy has not officially started either. (We take an average case here. However, we remember that all pregnancies are unique). 

During this first week following ovulation, your body produces more progesterone, peaking on 6-8 DPO, no matter have your egg been fertilized or not. 

So, to sum it up, the only possible symptoms you could feel on 6 DPO are the effects of progesterone on your body and mood, very similar to those before your period: 

  • Breast tenderness
  • Cramps in abdomen, pelvis or lower back
  • Mood swings
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches

 

7-11 DPO Symptoms

The next step is the embryo reaching the uterus.  

Progesterone gets your uterus ready to accept, implant, and maintain a fertilized egg. The hormone prevents muscle contractions from happening in the uterus that would cause a woman’s body to reject an embryo.

After the embryo is successfully implanted, progesterone helps create a nurturing environment for the developing baby. 

Typically, implantation happens 6-12 days after fertilization (which is typically not earlier than 7 DPO). For about 25% of women, it is accompanied by Implantation Bleeding – slight bleeding or spotting that is lighter in color (from light pink to rust-colored) than usual menstrual blood. It happens because a couple of blood vessels in the uterus are damaged during implantation. It only lasts a day or two and usually is very light in flow.

Implantation bleeding is not the most reliable sign of pregnancy, because in some cases women can have a chemical pregnancy (a very early miscarriage) or the spotting can be a sign of something else. So don’t hurry with conclusions.

Along with implantation, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Light or faint cramping (less than a normal period cramp); may be accompanied by pulling and tingling sensations;
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Breast tenderness
  • Lower backaches

Again, as you can see, these symptoms are very common and could be also the signs of ovulation or an upcoming period. So you’ll have to wait a little longer until your body produces a significant amount of pregnancy hormone.

 

12-14 DPO Symptoms

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is the hormone that pregnancy tests can identify. Your body begins producing it at the moment of implantation. However, it takes 2-3 days for the hormone to build up to a certain detectable level (which happens at least 12 DPO). So don’t hurry with home pregnancy tests before 13 DPO.

According to the National Institute of Health, as hCG hormone levels grow, women experience these early pregnancy symptoms:

  1. Unusual fatigue (feeling sleepy), dizziness or lightheadedness (feeling wobbly, often when you get up after lying down). It happens due to changes in blood vessels carrying oxygen to the brain. Besides, a huge amount of energy goes into building a placenta, the life-support system for your baby.
  2. Changes in breasts: darkening in the color of the nipples, sore boobs, nipple sensitivity. Breasts can swell, feel heavy and full, feel tender, tingle or itch.
  3. Changes in taste and smell: specific food cravings, strong aversion to certain foods and smells, metallic taste in your mouth.
  4. Gastrointestinal changes: increased hunger, cramping, bloating, water retention, diarrhea, constipation.
  5. Morning Sickness. Nausea, especially when hungry, and/or vomiting may happen at any time throughout the day, unlike the name suggests.
  6. Frequent Urination. The need to empty the bladder more often is caused by pregnancy hormones that increase blood flow in the kidneys and pelvic region.
  7. Headaches and/or muscle aches.
  8. Raised basal body temperature, changes in blood pressure and heart rate. During pregnancy, the body pumps more blood to carry nutrients to the fetus.

Some women cannot explain any specific symptoms or changes in their bodies, but they intuitively feel that something is different: they describe it as not feeling like themselves.

We hope that our symptom checker will make your Two-Week Wait easier. Let us remind you once again: every pregnancy is a unique experience, so you don’t necessarily experience all of the symptoms or in the same sequence. 

Listen to your body and let the things flow. Any signs could be good signs! So good luck, and we’ll keep our fingers crossed for you!

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